The Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2012 (ADSI 2012), produced by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), provides 22 different causes behind suicides. Family problems (25.6%) and illness (20.8%) accounted for 46.4% of total suicides in India during 2012. Insanity/ mental illness accounted for 6.4 percent of total suicide deaths.
The country witnessed 69 suicides per day due to illness, 11 suicides per day owing to love affairs, 6 suicides per day due to poverty, 6 suicides per day due to failure in examination, 5 suicides per day owing to unemployment and 5 suicides per day due to dowry dispute.
Most number of suicides caused by family problems in 2012 were reported from the states of Maharashtra (6496), Tamil Nadu (4842), Kerala (3743) and Karnataka (2782).
Most number of suicides caused by illness (insanity) were reported from Kerala (1182), Andhra Pradesh (1162), Maharashtra (1096) and Gujarat (713).
Suicides caused by poverty were mostly reported from Andhra Pradesh (1096), Karnataka (364), Maharashtra (245) and Assam (219).
In the industrialized states of Maharashtra (258) and Gujarat (224), suicides caused by unemployment were the highest.
It must be noted that the state of West Bengal did not divulge any information for the classification of suicides by different causes for the year 2012.
Out of the 23398 number of suicide deaths among young males (15-29 years of age) in 2012, most were caused by family problems (23.3%), other causes (18%), causes not known (16.4%), illness (15.2%), love affairs (6.4%), failure in examination (4.2%), drug abuse/ addiction (4.2%), unemployment (3.1%) and poverty (2%).
Out of the 18395 number of suicide deaths among young females (15-29 years of age) in 2012, most were motivated by family problems (27.8%), illness (15.7%), other causes (14.1%), causes not known (12.4%), love affairs (7.6%), dowry dispute (7.5%) and failure in examination (5%).
Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2012,